Global warming is the tendency of rapidly rising air temperatures near the Earth’s surface over the
last one to two centuries. Here we will discuss the Global warming Effect On Maternal Health and what are the steps to be taken. Humans are at least partly to blame for global warming. It is critical to comprehend the causes,
Repercussions, and intricacies of global warming in order to fight for the planet’s health.
The issue of climate change has arisen as a result of global warming. Weather patterns and crop
seasons are changing due to climate change. Climate change’s impact and consequences on the environment and our life. The primary explanation is a phenomenon known as the greenhouse effect, in which gases in the
atmosphere such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons
the sun’s light while preventing some of the heat from escaping, similar to the glass walls of a
greenhouse. The higher the temperature in the atmosphere, the more heat is generated. trapped,
the greenhouse is strengthened expanding the earth’s surface area temperature human endeavors,
such as fossil fuels being burned.
How does global warming effects maternal & baby health..?
Climate change is one of the most serious global health risks of the twenty-first century, having
immediate and long-term effects on the world’s most vulnerable people, particularly in the poorest
countries with the least ability to adapt. In the context of climate change, pregnant women and
babies are increasingly being identified as vulnerable populations. Heat stress, extreme weather
events, and air pollution can have direct or indirect effects on pregnant women and newborns
potentially affecting both their immediate and long-term health through a variety of processes.
During the 61st World Health Assembly in 2008, the World Health Organization passed an objective
recognizing the need for research to distinguish approaches and strengthen well-being frameworks
in order to mitigate the Global warming Effect On Maternal Health. Environmental change plans
must take into account vulnerable populations, such as pregnant women and children, as well as a
broad multi-sectoral approach to work on the overall adaptability of social orders.
THE DIRECT IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND AMBIENT TEMPERATURE EXTREMES ON MATERNAL AND NEWBORN HEALTH PHYSIOLOGY
Climate change has a number of effects on maternal and perinatal health. The ability to the regulate
is impaired throughout pregnancy and the newborn period due to physiological and anatomical
changes. These changes in pregnant women include a significant increase in metabolism and internal
heat production due to fetal growth, an increased body mass index with increased fat deposition,
and a decrease in body surface area to body mass ratio.
During heat events, the main physiological processes for maintaining thermal balance are skin
radiation via vasodilation or perspiration. Global warming Effect On Maternal Health create a big issue on the next generation. When heat balance is disrupted, heat-shock proteins are
generated, which can trigger a cascade of biochemical and physiological processes that can be
harmful to maternal and perinatal health, including neonatal health.
Preterm birth dangers
The Preterm birth, a premature burst of membranes, birth weight, and stillbirth are all linked to heat
exposure, according to a vast number of studies. Birth weight babies are more vulnerable to a
variety of problems, including infections. 9 Dehydration from increased dripping as part of pregnant
women’s heat production can also start early labor and lengthen the duration of labor.
Air pollution has also been linked to a higher risk of preterm birth and premature birth babies. In
2010, it was predicted that 2.7 million preterm births were caused by air pollution, accounting for
18% of all preterm births worldwide of Global warming Effect On Maternal Health. Preterm birth accounts for 11% of all births worldwide and 35%
of all neonatal deaths, making it the greatest cause of newborn death and a major contributor to
long-term health issues. Climate change is increase by a lack of access to clean energy, which has
negative consequences for maternal and newborn health.
Strain, inclusive of warmness pressure, causes a rise in cortisol stages which may additionally lead to
decreased blood glide to the placenta because of diverting blood glide for different instantaneous
action. This can consequently have an effect on the fetal increase as well as the chance of intrapartum
headaches because of reduced oxygen degrees to the fetus
Warm temperatures can produce high blood pressure and even hypertension during pregnancy,
which is one of the top three causes of maternal deaths globally.
Risk of maternal depression
Furthermore, it is unknown whether maternal mortality rates rise during heat waves, as they do in
other groups with thermoregulation problems. Finally, studies have revealed that severe weather
increases the risk of maternal depression, as well as preterm birth and birthweight newborns.
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WHAT ARE SOME OF THE INDIRECT MECHANISMS BY WHICH CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECTS MATERNAL AND NEONATAL HEALTH?
Climate change’s indirect effects on disadvantaged populations’ health interact through a
variety of processes, with far-reaching social, economic, and health consequences.
Flooding could occur as a result of heavy rainfall, causing damage to infrastructure and key
services, agricultural loss, population displacement, and disruption of mother and child
In Other words, indirect effects of climate change could include changes in disease patterns and a rise
in vector-borne diseases including malaria, dengue fever, and filariasis, all of which are
serious infections that can complicate pregnancy, especially malaria.
The amount of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity caused by climate change has not
been fully assess, which requires more research, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Above all, we have read about Global warming’s Effect On Maternal Health, and here are world organizations’ commitments to global warming.
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
During the 61st World Health Assembly in 2008, the World Health Organization and its Member
States issued a law on climate change and health, recognizing the need for increased health
protection strategies, health system strengthening to mitigate the health effects of climate change,
and research to identify health protective strategies. Going to follow that, all UN Member States
voiced their support for the Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to improve the health and
living conditions of the world’s population by 2030 by implementing a wide range of approaches to
address issues of human rights, equity, and health, including environmental aspects.
These global commitments, unlike the Millennium Development Goals, do not specifically mention
pregnant women, the unborn baby, or the neonate, who is widely known as populations sensitive
to climate change and heat waves, with long-term consequences for current and future generations.
STEPS FOR THE FUTURE
In a variety of social and cultural circumstances, women and newborns are among the most
vulnerable groups. Identifying pregnant women and neonates as a risk category during climate-
related events like heat extremes are becoming a pressing requirement for an effective policy and
public health response to reduce the risk of bad pregnancy and birth complications.
Extreme heat-related pregnancy problems can be diagnosed and managed with prompt prenatal and
maternal and neonatal care. Therefore, The World Health Organization has modified its prenatal and
intrapartum care guidelines, recommending a minimum of eight antenatal visits. In addition, Global warming’s Effect On Maternal Health is a major problem for a human beings. And the government should take the step toward this topic.
Knowing the exact burden will help in organizing efforts to build low-cost and effective heat
reduction programs, as well as better future heat adaptation planning in the most impacted and
least resilient countries.
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