Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD): Serious Health Issues


Gastroesophageal (GERD) is a condition involving lower oesophageal sphincter or less weakness in the inappropriate opening leading to reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus.

When we are not eating. Eating your lower oesophageal sphincter, this part here prevents gastric contents from going up into your esophagus. So, the gastric contents are very acidic and the problem with GERD is that. Its lower oesophageal sphincter opens. When it should not. Those gastric contents or those acidic gastric contents can enter the esophagus.

What is gastroesophageal reflux?

This is a very common condition. It affects 20% of the adult’s life. And the risk factors for getting GERD include increased body mass index or BMI. So, being overweight or obese increases your risk of having gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Another worse factor for having GERD is a certain dietary factor so certain foods and beverages can cause inappropriate opening of the lower oesophageal sphincter. Then certain anatomical conditions.

An example of an anatomical condition that can cause GERD is a hiatal hernia.

Signs and symptoms of GERD


Gastroesophageal reflux disease is heartburn or acid reflux. This is described as a burning sensation or burning chest pain and it’s oftentimes retrosternal. So it’s kind of in the center of your chest behind your sternum. So there’s a burning sensation. Although, this heartburn or this burning sensation occurs after eating or drinking.

Exacerbating factors

These are the things that make heartburn worse. These include worsened when lying down. So, when you’re lying down. You can imagine that if this lower soft gel. The sphincter is open if you lie down the acid can pull back into your esophagus. This burning of your esophagus so is a reason why lying down especially lying down flat can worsen your symptoms.

Eating late Night

Eating late at night. Again for similar reasons if you’re eating late at night. Oftentimes you’re going to lay down and this can worsen symptoms certainly.

Dietary Choices

Dietary choices can worsen symptoms so some of these dietary choices include things like chocolate caffeine and alcohol.

Eating too Quickly

Then eating too quickly is also an exasperating factor as well. This is developing acid in the stomach frequently which is also causing this.

How to cure GERD?

 Now there are some improving factors or things that make symptoms better. Symptoms can be improved by sitting up so again as mentioned before if you’re lying down.



Moreover, the lower oesophageal finger is open the gastric contents those acidic gastric contents can pull back into your esophagus. So, if you’re sitting up gravity can help pull those gastric contents down. This is preventing them from refluxing into your esophagus.

Antacids use

Antacids can also improve symptoms of heartburn because they reduce the acidity in your stomach.

Avoid frequent eating habits

When you started to eat more slowly. This can also help as well as their avoidance of certain foods and beverages.

Important symptoms of GERD


This includes regurgitation so regurgitation you can regurgitate up. Partially digested food because the lower oesophageal sphincter is open and appropriately can be easier for food from the stomach to reflex up. You can have issues with regurgitation because of that.


Belching is also another important symptom of GERD. Again this is due to reflux and relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter.


We can also see issues with coughing in GERD. GERD is actually a common cause of chronic cough. So, if you see an individual. Who has an issue with chronic cough? That lasts greater than two months. GERD may be the cause. If other causes have been ruled out.  What’s noted is the coughing is often worse at bedtime. So, again that’s because there’s some more reflux in the esophagus. When you’re lying down flat. The reason why coughing can occur with gastroesophageal reflux disease is that acid reflux can irritate the airways.


We can also see hoarseness being a sign of GERD and this again is due to acid reflux. Irritating the vocal cords so there may be some issue with talking there can be some choking up. Because of that reflux individuals with GERD. This can also describe having a sour taste in their mouth. So, it’s a sour or unpleasant taste in the mouth and this often accompanies the reflux.

You can imagine that if you’re getting even small amounts of taste of gastric. This reflux from your esophagus into your mouth. You can understand that it can be an unpleasant taste.

Some individuals with GERD can also experience excessive salivation. So, this is known as water brash or acid rash. This water brash or excessive salivation may be due to acid reflux irritating salivary glands. However, this is an uncommon symptom, and although I mentioned excessive salivation is a symptom of GERD.

We can also see individuals with dirt having issues with dry mouth as well. So, individuals with GERD can either have issues with a dry mouth not producing enough saliva or issues with too much production of saliva. So, either one can happen with GERD.

Dental issue

Dental issues are another sign of gastroesophageal reflux disease very important oftentimes this may be overlooked so individuals with GERD can have issues with dental hygiene. They can even have issues with gum recession so their gums can recede. There can also be issues with an increased risk of dental erosions. So, with GERD if an individual has uncontrolled gastroesophageal reflux disease.

They can have issues with their gums receding and issues with dental erosions and having GERD is an independent risk factor for chronic periodontitis.

 So, very important individuals with gastroesophageal reflux disease can have issues with their dental health so it’s important to also think about that as well.


Some other signs and symptoms of GERD include nausea. Nausea can be caused by burning chest pain. So, that burning sensation can cause some issues with nausea as well as inappropriate relaxation of the LES. Which can also lead to a sensation of nausea.

Epigastric Pain

Although, some individuals with gurus can also note epigastric pain so we talked about retrosternal pain but individuals with gurus can also describe it.

Epigastric pain and epigastric pain is a pain in the center of your abdomen above your belly button. This can be due to oesophageal irritation from acid reflux.


Then some other important symptoms to note with regards to gastroesophageal reflux disease. This is dysphagia is difficulty swallowing so individuals with dysphagia. You may note that. When they swallow food or some fluid that food or fluids do not go down easily. This dysphagia may be progressive. So, they may start out having issues swallowing solid food. Then it can get worse and worse and progress to even having issues swallowing fluids.

This is more often seen in those with esophageal cancer. So, if the gastroesophageal reflux disease is not properly treated It can increase the risk for esophageal cancer. This page can be a manifestation of that.


Odynophagia is another symptom of GERD. It is painful swallowing and the reason for odontophore is similar to dysphagia as well so please check out my lesson on the foods and beverages to avoid if you have GERD.

Food that should avoid for GERD

Citrus fruits

These are acidic food. This should be avoided if you are suffering from GERD. Because these fruits will gonna increased acid in your stomach. Resulted in GRED will increase. The most common examples of citrus fruits are lemon, orange, limes, etc.


Caffeine can show worse symptoms than citrus fruits. Because it lowers the oesophageal sphincter. Relaxation or weakness of the lower oesophageal finger. Caffeine can actually increase that sphincter. That’s why caffeine can make conditions more serious to deal with. For example, coffee, tea, soft drinks, and energy drinks. Chocolate also contains caffeine, and cocoa also.

Food collage

Spicy food

Spicy foods contain capsaicin which is what causes them to be spicy. So spicy food contain capsaicin which is what them to be spicy. So a lot of time when we see peppers and capsaicin slows the gastric process. It leads to delayed gastric emptying. Example: red chili, peppers, hot sauces, other peppers.

Fried foods

Fried food stayed in the stomach for a long time. When we eat spicy food it can’t be digested quickly. It stayed there a few days. That also increases the risk of gastric contents. Which is entering the esophagus. So, this is the best way for you to avoid spicy food. This will help you to deal with it. After that recovery, you can enjoy that. There is no issue for you.

High-fat food

High-fat food contains also contains symptoms. That is the reason for that empty space. Also again this increases that situation. They are too difficult for fruit to digest by the stomach. For example: should avoid fatty food, some cheeses

Processed snakes or foods

Processed snakes also have high-fat content. This is the best food to avoid if you are facing this disease. Again this is increasing the likelihood of gastric contents entering the esophagus causing acid reflux or worsening.


We can also see so many times tomatoes are also the reason for this. This Is increasing acid reflux. So tomatoes are very acidic in nature that must be avoided. This contains both citric and malic acid. Although this is the reason for acidic reflux.


These are also the best food to avoid in this. Onions are best to avoid spec really raw onion must be avoided for this. Actually, they contain lots of acids. Raw onions contain lots of acids which are responsible for making this situation worse.


Consumption of mint actually increases irritation in the esophagus. Examples are peppermint, spearmint, peppermint even toothpaste, and tea.


Consuming salt is associated with excecated GERD symptoms. This is related to other food like fatty fruit, and fried food. High consumption should be avoided.


Alcohol consumption can worsen symptoms of GERD and damage gastric and oesophageal mucosa. Examples are beer, wine, cocktails, and other beverages.

Carbonated beverages

Carbonated beverages can cause the stomach to become distended, placing pressure and causing LES to open inappropriately. Example soda, wines, soft drinks, and beer.



These are the simple food that you can avoid to overcome this disease. Apart from this food item, you can have everything. This is looking hard in starting but definitely one day it will be worth it for you. Here are some foods which help to overcome from wrinkle problems naturally.

Neha Rajput

Neha Rajput

Neha Rajput is a content writer at Healthy Life Human. She has been an active participant in various exhibitions and competitions. She also has been awarded gold medals in the science stream at the national level. Also, she likes to share information on various topics related to health, fitness, business, technology, career etc. to the online users worldwide. You can find her on Linkedin.


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