The Panj Takht of Sikh Religion

panj takht

The Panj Takht is an important institution within Sikhism. The Takht is the term used to describe an assembly of Sikhs that has the authority to make decisions on matters about the faith. Sikhism is one of the world’s youngest religions and its origins can be traced back to the 15th century. It has a rich and diverse history that can be traced back to the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

This religion emphasizes the idea of equality and tolerance among its followers. Also promotes the message of living a moral and ethical life. There are currently Panj Takht in modern-day India including

  • Akal Takht Sahib
  • Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib
  • Takht Sri Patna Sahib
  • Takht Hazur Sahib
  • Takht Damdama Sahib

Each one of these Takhts holds a distinct identity.

1. Akal Takht Sahib

Akal Takht Sahib - Panj Takht

One of the holiest places on earth is the Akal Takht Sahib, also known as Sikhi’s Temple. It is one of the famous Takht among Panj Takht. Sikhs believe that the Holy Book of Sikhism, called the Granth Sahib, was first revealed to the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. This building is where the five high priests of the Khalsa reside and is the highest seat of authority in the Sikh religion. It is a holy place because it is where thousands gather to perform religious ceremonies and offer prayers for the welfare of all mankind.

Many people come to the temple to worship by lighting candles and reading devotional scriptures. When they finish reading the scriptures, they light a candle and leave it burning in the temple as a token of their love and devotion to God. This is because they believe that this act will bring them closer to God and bring him closer to them as well. They believe that this simple act of offering a prayer to God will help heal all wounds and bring peace to the world. They also believe that by lighting the candles in the temple they are spreading peace and healing throughout the whole world, and healing themselves in the process.

History of Akal Takht Sahib

The history of this temple dates back to the year 1699 when Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa brotherhood to protect the faith of the Sikhs. The temple was built in the year 1809 and is located in the city of Amritsar, India. Today, it is one of the most visited places in Amritsar because of the number of people that come to pray and receive blessings from the priests.

Every year, millions of devotees from all over the world travel to the temple to seek spiritual guidance and visit the saints. The architecture of the temple is beautiful because of its white marble structure and gold-plated domes. Every corner is covered with beautiful paintings depicting important scenes from the life of Guru Gobind Singh and the followers of the Sikh religion. Visitors leave the temple feeling spiritually uplifted and full of energy because of the positive energy that comes from the holy scriptures that are read in the temple every day.

2. Sri Keshgarh Sahib

Sri Keshgarh Sahib

Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib is a holy Sikh shrine located in Anandpur Sahib. It is the birthplace of the Khalsa, which was founded by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. The Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib is the most important Sikh gurdwara in the world. Every year, millions of people from all over India visit the Gurdwara.

History of Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib

It was built in 1574 by Guru Ram Das, the fourth of the ten Sikh Gurus. It is settled on an area of over 70 acres and is situated on the bank of the River Satluj. The temple was built over the foundation of an old Hindu temple.

The guru asked to build the temple at a lower level with four gates, one in each direction. The construction of the temple was started in 1588 and completed in 1601. However, the Guru Granth Sahib was also established by Guru Arjun Dev and Baba Budha Ji and appointed as the first reader of the book. Although, The pool in the temple is 1.5 m high, 30 m in diameter, and 15 m deep.

In 1606, Guru Arjan Dev established the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhs, in the Harmandir Sahib. It was a turning point for the Sikh faith, marking its separation from Hinduism and Islam.

The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is the only scripture in the world that was written and compiled by Guru Arjan Dev and then expanded by Guru Granth Sahib. It contains melodies from various Hindu holy books like the Rig Veda, Upanishads, Mahabharata, Bhagwat Gita, and others. It also has verses from the Islamic book “Quran”. Although the Guru Granth Sahib is written in the Gurmukhi script, a Gurmukhi translation is made available with the text. The Guru Granth Sahib is the central religious text of the Sikh faith.

“Five Ks

When the Sikh religion was founded in the 15th century in Punjab, India. Its first leaders established a code of conduct for the community that set strict standards of conduct for its followers. However, the Sikh code is named the “Five Ks,” and consists of five articles of faith. However, the “Five Ks” are kirpan (a small sword), kachori (a short, pleated skirt), kes (a comb), kara (a metal bracelet), and Kachhera (underwear).

3. Sri Damdama Sahib

Sri Damdama Sahib

At Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, the Gurus and Sikhs have long been known for their devotion to the Sikh faith, which emphasizes peace, equality, and respect for all.

The Gurdwara or Sikh Temple

At Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, you will find a place that feels like home. Guests are welcome and treated with respect at all times. We believe that we are responsible to the world to ensure that others are treated equally. And we are deeply committed to working towards this goal.

History of Sri Damdana Sahib

The Guru Granth Sahib Ji is housed in a beautiful room known as the Mittna Sahib. The Jalap Niwas building is home to a dining room and several guest rooms where visitors can stay while visiting the temple. On the first floor of the building is a gift shop where visitors can pick up souvenirs. And other items to remember their visit to Takht Sri Damdama Sahib.

Religious Events

In addition, to worship services, there are numerous religious events taking place at Takht Sri Damdama Sahib throughout the year. These include Langar, regular prayer services, and special events such as the Diwali Mela and the Vaisakhi celebration.

The Takht Sri Damdama Sahib is the fifth Takht of the Sikhs. It is situated in Damdama Sahib, a town in the Fatehgarh Sahib district of Punjab, India. The temple was built over that dam by Maharaja Ranjit Singh as a symbol of his love towards his mother, on whose death anniversary he celebrated the event every year.

4. Sri Patna Sahib

Takht Sri Patna Sahib

A Sikh temple is a place of worship for Sikhs. It is also a place where people can come to learn about the Sikh religion and culture. In the list of Panj Takht, it is the most known Takht.

Sikhs believe in one God. They also believe in karma and the cycle of life. They believe that everyone is born to live and die. However, everyone also has the power to choose their path in life, both good and bad. The Guru Granth Sahib is the holy book of the Sikhs. It is a collection of writings that were chosen by the founder, Guru Nanak Dev, as the teachings of the Sikh religion. The name “Sikh” means “disciple.” People who follow the teachings of the Sikh religion are called Sikhs. 

History of Takht Sri Patna Sahib

There are about 30 million Sikhs in the world today. Its headquarters are in Amritsar, India, and many temples around the world are dedicated to Sikhism. One of the most famous is the Takht Sri Patna Sahib in Patna, India. The temple was built to honor Guru Gobind Singh, the last guru of the Sikh religion. 

The temple was built in 1684 on land that was donated by a local ruler. It was the largest building in the city at the time, and it is still one of the largest buildings in India today. It was originally a fortress as well. When the local ruler decided to convert it into a religious site, he demolished the existing walls and turned the space inside into a temple.

The temple was rebuilt several times over the years, and it is currently in the process of being rebuilt again. The original structure was demolished due to damage from earthquakes and bombing during World War II. It has been a museum since then until the temple was reconstructed in 2000. Today, it is a tourist attraction and local landmark. Its main purpose is for worship, but it is also used for cultural and social activities in the community.

5. Sri Hazur Sahib

Takht Sri Hazur Sahib

The Takht Sri Hazur Sahib is the holiest Sikh shrine. Also, the Takht Sri Hazur Sahib is home to the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. Although, Patna Sahib is the second accepted and acknowledged in Panj Takht of the Sikhs, which is the “seat of power” of a Sikh guru.

History of Sri Hazur Sahib

The most sacred shrine in Panj Takht is the Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, located in Nanded in Maharashtra, India. The Takht Sri Hazur Sahib is considered one of the Panj Takht, the seats of the Sikh gurus. This holy site is the final resting place of Guru Gobind Singh and his followers, as well as followers of his successors. It also marks the site where the sixth Sikh guru created the Khalsa by commanding a gathering of Sikhs in 1699 to mark the creation of the new order within the faith.

People visit the temple to pray and learn about Sikh history and traditions. It is a popular tourist destination and offers a variety of services and activities for visitors. Also such as cultural performances and classes on spirituality and meditation. It is a great place to visit if you are interested in learning about the Sikh religion and learning about its history and culture.


In addition to serving as places of worship, many gurdwaras also serve as community centers. They host several programs and events throughout the year to promote education and encourage public engagement among the local community. However, this focus on service has led many gurdwaras to provide free meals to members of the community who cannot afford them.

Many of these gurdwaras are located in urban areas and serve large numbers of people from poor backgrounds. By providing food and educational programs free of charge. The gurdwaras give many of these people an opportunity to better their lives through education and their health through regular meals.

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Golden Temple: History, Foundation, and Significance